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Medieval World   The Ancient World

 

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Modern to Old English

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W  Y Z

 

 

A

abandon.............anforlætan; forlætan; ofgiefan (5)

abbess....................................abbudisse, f.

abbot .....................................abbod, m.

abduct...........................................forwgan

abide.......................................anbidian

ability............................................cræft; mæð

able, be....................................magan

about.............................................abutan; be (+dat)

above.............................................onuppan

accept............................................onfon

accomplish.....................................forðian; fremman

according to (prep)........................æfter (+dat)

accost.............................................nægan

acknowledge..................................oncnawan

acquaint (s.o. with s.t.)...................acythan

acquire............................................begietan (sv 5)

act...................................................gefaran

active (adj)......................................from; hwæt

active, be.........................................onettan

adder................................................nædre

address.............................................næfan

admonish..........................................manian

adorn..................bywan; fægrian; frætwan; ge-frætwan; glengan gyrwan

advance............................................faran (6)

advanced..........................................gelyfed

advantage.........................................duguð

adversary..........................................

advice...............................................

advise................................................læran; ge-læran; rædan

advisor...............................................rædbora

affectionately.....................................luflice

afflict..................................................bysigian; gedrefan

affliction.............................................

afraid..................................................forht

afraid, be............................................ondrædan

after....................................................æfter; ofer

afterwards (adv).................................æfter; eft

again...................................................eft; ongean

against..........................................on; ongean

age (n)................................................

age (v)................................................forealdian

agreeable............................................leof

air.......................................................

ale......................................................ealu

alien...................................................ellorgæst; elþeodig

alight..................................................lihtan

alive...................................................cwic

all (adj)..............................................eall

all (adv).............................................eall

allow.................................................alyfan

allowed, be allowed to:................. motan

almighty............................................ælmihtig

alongside...........................................onemn

also......................................eac; eac swa; eac swelce (swa); swelce eac

always, adv.......................................a; awa; æfre

amid..................................................

amidst...............................................onmiddan

among..............................................betweox, betwux; ongemang

ancestor (paternal)..........................rihtfæderencyn

ancestors.........................................ieldran

ancient......................................eald; gamol

and..................................................ac; and; ond; eac; ge

angel................................................engel; gast

angry...............................................hatheart

animal.............................................deor

announce........................................

another............................................elra; oðer

answer (vb)............................answarian; andwyrdan (+dat); oncweðan

answer (noun).................................

anxious............................................nearo

any..................................................ænig

anything..........................................awiht, n.; owiht

anywhere........................................ahwær

appear.............................................ætywan

appearance......................................

apply................................................befæstan

apply oneself...................................befeolan

approach.........................................gretan

archer..............................................sceotan

arise................................................

aristocratic......................................indryhten

arm..................................................

armour.............................................herepad

army................................................

around.............................................abutan

arouse.............................................aweccan

arrange...........................................endebyrdan; gefadian; ge-logian

arrangement..................................fadung

arrest.............................................gehætan

arrive............................................gelendan

arrogance......................................byldu; ofermod; ricceter

arrow............................................flan; onga

art.................................................

artifice.........................................searoþonc

ascend.........................................astigan

ash...............................................aesc, m.

ask..........................................

asleep.......................................fall asleep: onslepan

ass.............................................

assembly...................................mæðd, n; meðelstede

astonished, be...........................ofwundrian

at...............................................æt

at last..........................................ænextan

attain..........................................geferan

attention......................................pay attention to: onmunan

attitude.........................................

audacious......................................frecne

authority..........................................

autumn.............................................hærfæst

await...........................................abidan (sv 1); bidan; gebidan

awaken.....................................aweccan; onwæcan

away (adv)......................................from; onweg

awe..............................................

awesome......................................egeslic

awl.................................................awel, m.

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